High blood pressure: Causes and remedies

By Amanda Tumwine

High blood pressure or hypertension happens when your blood pressure increases to unhealthy levels. It occurs over the course of several years and   if left untreated could lead to damage of blood vessels and organs especially the heart, eyes, brain, and kidneys.

What causes high blood pressure?


Some people are genetically predisposed to high blood pressure through inheritance from parents.


Over time unhealthy lifestyle choices like lack of physical activity and poor diet can take a toll on the body. Lifestyle choices can lead to weight problems which increase chances of hypertension.

Other causes 

  • Kidney disease
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Use of illegal drugs
  • Side effects of some drugs

Symptoms of severe hypertension can include:

  • Headaches 
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nosebleeds 
  • Flushing
  • Dizziness
  • Chest pain
  • Visual changes
  • Blood in urine

Home remedies for high blood pressure

Developing a healthy diet

A healthy diet is important in helping reduce blood pressure. It’s also important for reducing any complications such as stroke

A healthy diet should comprise of:

  • Fruits
  • Whole grains 
  • Lean proteins like fish

Increasing physical activity

Reaching a healthy weight should include being more active physically. Exercise helps lower blood pressure naturally and strengthens cardio vascular system. 30 minutes for 3 to 5 days a week is recommended

Stress Management

It is important as it improves sleep and thus reducing blood pressure

Stress can be managed through; 

  • Meditation
  • Massage 
  • Yoga
  • Music 
  • Taking nature walks 


Through a healthy lifestyle you reduce chances of high blood pressure significantly and promote good health overall

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